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考博英语辅导资料——阅读80句之一

来源:网友上传  2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者

1、In the early in industrialized countries of Europe the process of industria lization-with all the far?reaching changes in social patterns that followed-was spread over nearly a centur y,whereas nowadays a developing nation may unde rgo the same process in a decade or so

2、The American economic system is organized around a basically private?enter p rise,market?oriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most

3、Pollution is caused either by man′s release of completely new and often ar ti ficial substances into the environment,or by releasing greatly increased amounts of a natural substance,such as oil from oil tankers into the sea.

4、The kinds of evidence for the roundness of the world that led finally to it s general acceptance included such data as the shape of the shadow of the earth on the moon during an eclipse of the moon,the fact that as one sails from port on a ship the building of the port gradually seem to sink below the surface of the water,and,most convincing,the fact that it is possible to sail all around the wo rld and return to the starting point of the voyage .

5、Apart from the enormous outflow of funds from the oil?consuming countries, a more basic concern is the capability of the major exporters of crude oil to ac hieve a continuing production target roughly doubling output every ten years to meet the required oil demand if present trend continues.?

6、Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by c ut ting out unnessary buying,excess consumption and careless disposal of the produc ts we use in our daily lives.?

7、It is now possible to add or subtract two large numbers in one to two micr o seconds,and to multiply or divide them in ten to twenty microseconds,so that a c omputer can perform as much arithmetic in a quarter of an hour as an efficient c lerk with pencil and paper might reasonably hope to achieve in a lifetime.

8、The implications of this line of reasoning are inescapable:the movement of traffic through the streets of a town cannot be understood without taking into account the activities which take place in the buildings which line them;to get at the roots of the traffic problem we must approach it through the social and e conomic factors which determine the ways in which activities and buildings are a rranged in our towns.

9、As the century developed,the increasing magnitude and complexity of the pr oblems to be solved and the growing interconnection of different disciplines ma de it impossible,in many cases,for the individual scientist to deal with the hug e mass of new data,techniques and equipment that were required for carrying out r esearch accurately and efficiently.?

10、But even today,in spite of the high standard of living which has become ge neral in the more fortunate West, the majority of people in the world still spe nd nearly all their time and energy in a near?ending struggle with nature to se cure the food and shelter they need.

11、The progress of science depends upon many concerned with the application o f the working laws of pure science to the practical affairs of life,and to increa sing man's control over his environment,thus leading to the develo pment of new technique,processes and machines.

12、Thus we may be faced with a society having two basic groups in industrial o rganization:one consisting of those who understand,through their education and t raining,the complicated techniques necessary to control the complex industrial a nd organization environment that has developed;the other consisting of those who carry out the desision of this organizing group.

13、If,on the other hand,producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost,this will tend to increase the supply offered by seller?producers,which i n turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product?

14、Electricity produced by water falling over a dam is energy from the sun be c ause the sun's heat had to raise up the water by evaporation befor e it could fall back to the earth as rain and run down the rivers?

15、Only a small percentage of them will have the educational background ade qu ate to cope with the effective use of these new techniques,and we have too,the g eneral problem of a low average level of education which prevents effective comm unication on this subject?

16、For very many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommo dation mainly for visiting businessmen together with other well?to?do travelle rs and complentely inadequate for the swarms of short?stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover?

17、But many questions remain unanswered regarding the effect of irrigation a nd drainage on the quality of ground?water,and the possibility of maintaining t he ground?water level below the zone of the plant roots while bringing to the s urface the water necessary for irrigation?

18、The introduction of the brain element into manufacturing is likely to in cr ease the productivity per man to such an extent that we can look forward to an e ra where there should be a plentiful supply of goods and a reduction in the hour s necessary to produce them

19、He tried to discover how it was that an industrial system which created g reat wealth nevertheless forced nearly one?third of the population of the riche st city in the world to live in a state of chronic want

20? Some families would be delighted,no doubt,to have a robot slave doing al l the downstairs housework after they were in bed at night,while others would pref er to have it done in the morning,but this would be entirely a matter of choice ?

21? In some cases,it has been found more economical to have the powerhouses located near the center of consumption and supply them with oil and gas fuel by pipe lines, than to have the powerhouses at the oil field or gas field and send the electric energy over long transmission lines

22、Moreover,demographers see the continuing shift south and west as joined by a related but newer phenomenon:More and more,Americans apparently are looking n ot just for places with more jobs but with fewer people,too

23、A feature of modern industrial society is the amount of time which must be spent in education in order to enable person to equip him or herself with th e skills necessary for employment within the complex technological and social sy stems that characterise this society

24、The explosion of technology is already freeing vast numbers of people fr om their traditional bondage to nature,and now at last we have it in our power to free mankind once and for all from the fear which is based on want

25、Money spent on advertising is money spent as well as any I Know of?It ser ves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable prices,thereb y establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for expor t at competitive prices

26、If we were to return to the age of Newton,we should find ourselves faced w ith the greatest obstacles in trying to make people understand our recent scient ific advances,and we should probably find ourselves accused of witchcraft if we persisted in our ideas.?

27、Even though the same computer might have performed the same operation mi ll ions of times in succession,it must still be told exactly how to do that operat ion every time it repeats it?

28、Charles Booth tried to discover how it was that an industrial system whi ch created great wealth nevertheless forced nearly one?third of the population of the richest city in the world to live in‘a state of chronic want'

29、Yet,in the West,science and technology have made it possible for us to h ave a plentiful supply of food,produced by only a fraction of the labour that w as necessary even a few decades ago?

30、The whole industrial process which makes many of the goods and machines we need and use in our daily lives,is bound to create a number of waste products which upset the environmental balance,or the ecological balance as it is also k nown?

31、Everything a human knows he was socially taught;everything he obtains w as got through social mediation-it took the socialised contributor y labo ur of countless thousands merely to supply the simply daily needs of any reader of these words-even to enable him to read?

32、The great interest in exceptional children shown in public education over the past three decades indicates the strong feeling in our society that all citi zens,whatever their special conditions,deserve the opportunity to fully develop their capabilities

33、There are some good arguments for a technical education given the right ki nd of student?Many European schools introduce the concept of professional train ing early on in order to make sure children are properly equipped for the profes sions they want to join

34、Only now have a substantial number of people become concerned about tren d s in the growth of the human population and the consumption of natural resources ,and with this concern fears for the future are increasingly expressed

35、The universe is a large place.The Greeks were well aware of this,but not u ntil the seventeenth century did it become possible to find out the scale upon w hich the Solar System is built.?

36、Nature had indeed been bountiful in providing such an allpurpose raw mat er ial,but we should never have found it so useful were it not for the ingenuity an d success of the technologist in the exploitation of its latent possibilities.

37、Without government support,for example,Darwin would have not sailed around the world,or had available the collections of specimens he needed in forming hi s theory of evolution by natural selection。

38、Whatever its underlying reasons,there is no doubt that much of the polluti o n caused could be controlled if only companies,individuals and governments woul d make more efforts

39、When you stand on the ground you are pushing down on it with a force equal to your weight,and at the same time the ground must be pushing up on you with ex actly the same force.Or you would fall all the way down to the center of the ear th.?

40、In fact,the distance of the earth from the sun varies so little that it ma kes hardly any difference,and the seasons-four seasons sp ring,summer,autumn and winter-depend on the manner in w hich the earth rotates on its axis.

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