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写好考博作文的几点看法

来源:网友上传  2012-4-25 22:48:54   【一起学:终身教育引导者
      本人也曾是考研、考博大军中的一员,深知作文的好坏直接影响总分,怎样才能得到好的分数呢?主要有以下几点体会:一是要背一些句型,各种长短句的搭配运用能有效提高作文的档次,当然分值也就提高了;二是要记一些不同类型作文的框架,针对不同的题材,通过修饰、润色,基本就差不多了;三是要学会举例子,在写到山穷水尽时,不妨来个例子,尽可在不偏离主题的情况下自由发挥,要求的字数也就上去了。这仅仅是我自己感觉写作中较重要的三点,不能以偏概全,其他还有许多要注意的问题,由于本文篇幅所限,不再赘述,这也只是应试的小体会,要真正提高写作能力,诸君要多练 、多体会才是。仿照下面几篇文章,大家改写试试,说不定会有所帮助。

       1.Directions:

       Women make a great contribution to the progress of modern society. But there are still some people who don’t agree with it.

   There has been a discussion recently on the issue in a newspaper. Write an essay to the newspaper based on the following outline.

1.      Role of women in modern society

2.      Prejudices and discrimination against women

3.      My comment

You should write about 200 words within 40 minutes.

 

      Women play an important part in modern society.  Now many women are going into professions, such as medicine, law and engineering. They comprise a large part of the workers in offices and factories.  Many jobs they are engaged in are in line with their special capabilities of their sex.  In addition, some of are working up to important positions which used to be held mainly by men. There are even some businesses which are run completely by women. It is obvious that women are making an outstanding contribution to the progress of modern society.

      There are, however, still some people who assert that men are superior to women in many ways. In the first place, many jobs men do can hardly be done by women, who are physically not strong enough.  They believe that women are the weaker sex – both physically and emotionally. Thus, women are naturally suited, much more so than men, to the performance of domestic duties. According to them, a woman’s place is within the protective environment of the home. Secondly, most of the world-famous scientists and statesmen are found to be males. Finally, the whole society seems to have always been dominated by men only. In their opinion, men should enjoy more rights than do women.

       Personally, I’m firmly standing on the side of those women right defenders. Since both men and women are equally important in human activities, they should be on an equal footing. (242 words)

 

        2.Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words within 40 minutes. Study the following table care fully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table.  You should quote as few figures as possible.

   Outline:  1. Changes in people’s daily expanses in the past five years

            2. Possible reasons for the changes

            3. My own conclusion

     Year

Item

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Food

65%

60%

48%

42%

35%

Clothing

5%

7%

10%

13%

15%

Recreation

3%

5%

7%

8%

13%

Others

24%

26%

33%

36%

38%

Total

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

     In the past five years, there have been great changes in people’s daily expenses in XX city. According to the figures given in the table, the amount of money spent on food decreased gradually, accounting for 35 per cent in 2001. However, there was a rapid increase in clothing expenses, which made up 15% in 2001.  In addition, the table shows an upward tendency in recreation expenses. The same was the case with other expenses.

     What caused these remarkable changes? In my opinion, there are at least three good reasons. To begin with, with the rapid development of agriculture in China, the output of grain, fruit, vegetables and milk has sharply increased, which contributes to the decline in their prices. Secondly, the family incomes of people both in the city and in the country have greatly risen so that people now can afford expensive clothing and some of them even want to dress in the latest fashion. Finally, as the living conditions improve, the demand for a variety of recreations is growing steadily, too.

      In short, with the incomes continuing to rise, people will no longer resign themselves to living a dull, monotonous life. They are eager to make their life interesting and exciting. Therefore, I am sure that people will spend more money on clothing and recreations. (219 words)

 

        3Directions: Migrant workers (外地民工) have made a great contribution to the prosperity of cities. In this part, you are to write within 40 minutes a composition of 200 words about “The Role of Migrant Workers”. You can agree and/or disagree, completely or partially to above statement. But no matter which position you take, you should supporting reasons.

     As is known to all, migrant workers have made a great contribution to the prosperity of cities. They are an indispensable part of our work force. Most of them work on construction sites. There is no doubt that without migrant workers many of construction projects would have to be held up for lack of manpower. In addition, a large number of migrant workers are a beneficial factor, which enhances the consumption of food and daily items. This in turn helps to develop food industry and service trades in cites. All these are positive aspects of migrant workers in cities.

     However, as a popular saying goes, “Everything has two sides”. The same is the case with migrant workers. Firstly, most of them are not well educated and professionally trained. Some of them have had very little schooling. As you know. Illiterate people, who are usually ignorant of the law, tend to make trouble, thus endangering social order. Secondly, most of the migrant workers swarm into big cities just to make money. Being illiterate or unskilled, some of them would stop at nothing to get what they are ambitious for. Therefore, they are a potential threat to the peace and stability of society.

     In my opinion, in the appraisal of migrant workers, it is one-sided to affirm everything or to negate everything. We should appreciate the great contribution made by them, and at the same time pay enough attention to the problems caused by them. (244 words)

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